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JOANMIRO

The surrealist Joan Miro was born in Barcelona in 1893 and was best known as a painter, although he was a gifted sculptor, ceramicist and lithographer. He produced some major public works of art for many organisations including Unesco.

 

The son of a watchmaker father and goldsmith mother he was surrounded by art from a young age. He attended the School Of Industrial And Fine Arts in Barcelona and went on to study at La Lonja School of Fine Arts in Barcelona,

 

Left, Aquarelle, Joan Miro painting

 

Early in his career he was part of, “generation 27” a group made up of Spanish artists, poets, writers and film makers including Luis Bunuel. Miro fled to France when three of the group were murdered by Franco’s fascist regime in Spain.

 

After this experience he himself eschewed membership of any movements and clubs and maintained his independence. Miro was known as a surrealist painte but never officially joined the movement. Ironically, the founder of the surrealism, Andre Breton described Miro as the most surrealist of us all.

Below,’The Gold of the Azure’ Joan Miro painting 1967

 

Joan Miro’s first exhibition was in Barcelona in 1918 at the Dalmau Galleries. His work before 1920 had an eclectic mix of influences, the brilliant bold colours of Fauvism, shapes from cubism, Italian church frescos and Catalan folk art.

 



A trip to Paris in 1920 exposed him to surrealism and this so captured his imagination that he developed the style and made it his own. He was also influenced by Dadaism. In 1921 he had his first exhibition of Joan Miro paintings in Paris at the La Licorne Gallery.

In 1926 he collaborated with Max Ernst on some set designs for Sergei Diaghilev. With Miro’s help, Ernst developed the technique of ‘grattage’ which involved trowelling paint onto canvas.

Miro married Pilar Junosca in Majorca in 1929.

In 1929 he began to take more of an interest in objects and produced collages and surrealist sculptures. He also created ceramics, water colours, pastels and painting on copper. He produced over a thousand lithographs during a forty year period.

Unusually, he produced over 250 illustrated books containing his artworks. These were known as, ’Livre d’Artist’.

Among his most celebrated works were two ceramic murals he made for the UNESCO building in Paris called The Wall of the Moon and the Wall of the Sun, 1957-59. In 1974 he designed and produced a tapestry for The World Trade Centre in New York. He learned the craft of tapestry for the commission and he made several afterwards. Unfortunately this major work was destroyed in the September 11th terrorist attacks in New York in  2001.

Somewhat of a controversial figure from the 1930’s onwards Miro expressed contempt for conventional paintings, declaring that they were an attempt to support ‘bourgeois society’ he famously coined the phrase ‘the assassination of art’, by which he meant he wanted to destroy what he considered to be bourgeois, establishment art. This included the cubist movement which was hugely popular in France at the time. He however considered it had been appropriated by politicians and the elite. He declared he would, ‘smash their guitars’, a reference to Picasso’s paintings.

A  hugely gifted and prolific artist in many mediums, he died in December 1983 at his home and studio in Mallorca.

His extensive body of work was very influential and If you don’t think you know Miro’s paintings you will almost certainly have seen some in prints and posters.

Best known for his abstract works, his paintings included portraits and landscapes, such as ‘The Farm’, painted in 1921-22. His most famous paintings include, ‘The Garden’, ‘Bleu II’, and ,’The Melancholic Singer’.

Joan Miro paintings are amongst the best selling prints, posters and canvases gracing living rooms, bedrooms and offices the world over. We hope you’ve enjoyed our facts about Joan Miro and we’ve inspired you to own some Joan Miro art for yourself.

 

 

 

1

Spanish Born in Barcelona in 1893

Died in Mallorca 1993 aged 100

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Surrealist
Best known for his abstracts

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Multi talented painter, sculptor and ceramicist

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“Assassination of art” wanted to destroy bourgeois art, his quote

“Smash their guitars” referred to Picasso who was a rival and seen as an establishment figure at the time

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Perhaps ironically, after this comment, he produced much work for  public buildings and was widely used by the establishment

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Joan Miro produced over 250 books of his art called “Livre d’Artsit”

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His large tapestry was the most expensive work of art destroyed in World Trade Centre, Twin Towers September 11th attacks in New York..

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Two of his most famous works were ceramic murals “The Wall of the Moon” and “The Wall of the Sun” for UNESCO building in Paris

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Escaped the fascists in Spain and fled to France

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Definitely a man

 

 

10 fast and fab facts about Joan Miro

Joan Miro paintings, Facts about Joan Miro
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Abstract, c.1935
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